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July 2008

BitDefender Lab Publishes first E-Threats Landscape Report

BitDefender▓s ▒Keep You Safe▓ Guidelines also included

Eighty percent of malware distributed worldwide consisted of Trojans according to the E-Threats Landscape Report, the first in a series of comprehensive security threat studies published bv BitDefender╝ Lab. This E-Threats Landscape Report provides a comprehensive overview of the security threats landscape over the last six months, from January to June 2008.

BitDefender▓s security experts analyzed and examined the menaces of the first half of 2008, focusing on software vulnerabilities and exploits, different types of malware, as well as countermeasures, cyber crime prevention and law enforcement.

BitDefender▓s E-Threats Landscape Report concentrates mainly on the first half of 2008, but it also contains facts, data and trends concerning the previously investigated periods, as well as several predictions related to the last half of 2008.

Highlights of BitDefender▓s E-Threats Landscape Report include:
∙ 80 percent of malware distributed worldwide consisted of Trojans
∙ 1/3 of global malware exploited OS▓s and applications▓ vulnerabilities
∙ Text-based spam comprised 70 percent of total unsolicited e-mails
∙ Image spam continued to decline in the first half of 2008
∙ Drugs represented the most advocated content via e-mail spam
∙ 50 percent of phishing attempts forged identification elements pertaining to US financial organizations
∙ Phishers targeted victims from EU states

Malware

BitDefender▓s E-Threats Landscape Report reveals that malware creators concentrated on exploiting systems▓ vulnerabilities via threats mimicking legitimate applications in the first half of 2008.



The World▓s Top 10 Malware list for the first half of 2008 included:

01Trojan.Clicker.CM
02Trojan.Downloader.WMA.Wimad.N
03Trojan.Autorun.EU
04Trojan.FakeAlert.PP
05Trojan.Peed.Gen
06Trojan.Qhost.AKR
07Trojan.HTML.Zlob.W
08Packer.Malware.NSAnti.K
09Trojan.Downloader.SWF.Gida.A
10Exploit.Win32.Mso5-002.Gen

⌠2008▓s malware continues to revolve around profit, mainly financial,■ said Sorin Dudea, Head of BitDefender▓s Antimalware Research Lab. ⌠To ensure gains, cybercriminals need a way to compromise a large number of systems where to deploy as many bots, adware and spyware as possible, with less or no cost at all. The most difficult task is not the malware▓s dissemination but the system▓s infiltration and exposure to other threats. This explains the Trojan horses▓ heavy mass production in the last six months.■



The World▓s Top 10 Malware Distribution Methods for the first half of 2008 included:

01Exploits
02Downloaders
03Malicious Advertising
04Bundle Applications
05Social Engineering Web Sites
06Information Sites
07Autorun Infectors
08File Infectors
09E-email Spam
10Peer-2-Peer

E-Mail Spam

In terms of spam media and techniques, the most notable trend that BitDefender▓s security analysts tracked in the first half of 2008 was the revival of text-based spam, which reached 70 percent, compared to 20 percent during the same period in 2007. Image spam continued its decline in the first half of 2008, ending at 3 percent in June 2008, compared to 60 percent in June 2007.

⌠Plain-text continues to be the most prolific medium for e-mail spam distribution, especially due to its simplicity, reduced size and extreme versatility,■ said Vlad Valceanu, head of BitDefender AntiSpam Research Lab.



The World▓s Top 10 list of E-Mail Spam▓s Featured Content for first half of 2008 included:

01Drugs
02Replica Watches
03Phishing (tool for)
04Pirated Software
05Pornography
06Loans
07Hire & Equipment
08Trojans▓ Spread (tool for)
09Dating
10Diploma

Phishing & ID Abuse

Phishing trends for the first half of 2008 indicated a variation and growth of spoofed banks and targeted clients. Primarily, forged elements belonged to US financial organizations, while the possible victims are now native English speakers who reside in the United States, United Kingdom or Canada. Phishing e-mails continued to be negative, such as account blocking or expiration and account details update for security reasons.



The World▓s Top 10 list of Counterfeit Business Identities in the first half of 2008 included:

01eBay
02Paypal
03Bank of America
04Wachovia
05Fifth Third Bank
06NatWest
07Poste Italiane
08Sparkasse
09Regions Bank
10Volksbank

⌠Spammers and phishers continued to improve their skills in replicating and forging legitimate message characteristics. However, the simple text e-mails proved their efficiency as well, rounding up the total figure of ID theft victims to 50,000 each month,■ said Vlad VБlceanu, Head of BitDefender Antispam Research Lab.

For more information download BitDefender▓s E-Threats Landscape Report.


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About Bitdefender®
Bitdefender is the creator of one of the world's fastest and most effective lines of internationally certified internet security software. The company is an industry pioneer, introducing and developing award-winning protection since 2001. Today, Bitdefender technology secures the digital experience of 400 million home and corporate users across the globe.

Top international testing organizations and world-renowned software reviewers acknowledge Bitdefender as a provider of the world’s most effective antimalware solutions. In January 2014, Bitdefender won top honors from AV-TEST, becoming the first solution to win “Best Protection” and “Best Performance” simultaneously. Bitdefender has also confirmed its industry leadership status with titles including “Best Antivirus of 2014” and two Editor’s Choice awards from PCMAG, and 2013 Editor’s Choice from CNET.

For more information about Bitdefender products, visit the security press room. Bitdefender also publishes the HOTforSecurity blog, with stories from the underworld of internet fraud, scams and malicious software.


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Bitdefender E-Threats Landscape Reports

The purpose of this report is to provide a comprehensive investigation of the threats’ landscape. Bitdefender’s security experts thoroughly analyze and examine the menaces of the each semester, focusing on software vulnerabilities and exploits, different types of malware, as well as countermeasures, cyber crime prevention and law enforcement. The E-Threats Landscape Report concentrates mainly on the latest trends, but it also contains facts and data and concerning the previously investigated periods, as well as several predictions related to the upcoming semesters. This document is primarily intended for IT&C System’s Security Managers, System and Network Administrators, Security Technology Developers, Analysts, and Researchers, but it also addresses issues pertaining to a broader audience, like small organizations or individual users concerned about the safety and integrity of their networks and systems.

H2 2012 E-Threat Landscape Report - Overview

For the first half of the year, zero-day vulnerabilities played an essential role in disseminating malware with exploit packs as a favorite vector of infection. The dangerous zero-day exploit in the Java Runtime Environment (CVE-2012-4681) was documented and proof of concept was added to Metasploit, which became public knowledge before a fix was made available.

As a direct result, three billion devices running Java were vulnerable to remote code exploitation for roughly 48 hours. A second exploit hit in September and targeted Internet Explorer 9. Successful exploitation would allow remote compromise of the system with the installation of the Poison Ivy backdoor. Both zero-day exploits were used in advanced persistent attacks.

2012 saw fluctuations in the amount of junk e-mail as a proportion of e-mail traffic. The year began with a slight decrease in spam e-mails, but spam constantly gained ground towards the middle of the year. According to data gathered from the Bitdefender Antispam lab, the second half saw growth again, with small variations towards the end of 2012. The increase in the number of junk e-mails was nonetheless minor, by only 5%, leading to a rough value of 73% of the total number of e-mails sent worldwide.

Download now the full H2 2012 E Threat Landscape Report (pdf)

Download now the overview H2 2012 E Threat Landscape Executive Summary (pdf)


Archive

2012
Download now H1 2012 E Threat Landscape Report (pdf)

2011
Download now H1 2011 E-Threats Landscape Report - Executive Summary (pdf)
Download now H2 2011 E-Threat Landscape Report (pdf)
Download now H2 2011 E-Threat Landscape Report - Executive Summary (pdf)

2010
Download now H2 2010 E-Threats Landscape Report - Executive Summary (pdf)
Download now H2 2010 E-Threats Landscape Report (pdf)
Download now H1 2010 E-Threats Landscape Report - Executive Summary (pdf)
Download now H1 2010 E-Threats Landscape Report (pdf)

2009
Download now H1 2009 Malware and Spam Review Executive Summary (pdf)
Download now H1 2009 E-Threats Landscape Report (pdf)
Download now H2 2009 Malware and Spam Review (pdf)
Download now H2 2009 E-Threats Landscape Report - Executive Summary (pdf)

2008
Download now H1 2008 E-Threats Landscape Report (pdf)
Download now H2 2008 E-Threats Landscape Report (pdf)

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Since its inception in 2001, Bitdefender has continued to raise the bar to set new standards in proactive threat prevention and virus removal, in many cases leading the way in the best Internet security detection techniques to prevent the spread of malicious threats.

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The new image acts as a binder between the company’s roots and its future. One thing has remained unchanged: Bitdefender’s capacity of delivering top antivirus products. Bitdefender provides the best antivirus solutions using the same award-winning technology for consumers and for corporate networks, from the small business right through to the global enterprise, protecting all endpoints.

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Half wolf. Half dragon. The Dacian Wolf was carried into battle by soldiers defending their territories in ancient times. It created fear in the opposition, and built confidence in those who carried it.

We are now the bearers of this symbol that transcends time. While the battlefield has changed, its spirit lives on. We are the defenders of the new digital world. We are AWAKE, always on guard—protecting more than 400 million users across the globe with our award-winning technologies.

Judging by its looks, the Bitdefender brand avatar borrows the spirit of our fearless ancestors. It also adds a modern layer to our historical heritage, by bringing the Bitdefender quintessence into the equation.
Bitdefender is perfectly adapted to today's combat requirements. It possesses the necessary skills to win the digital warfare that is going on inside computer networks all over the world.

The logo is a sleek, simplified representation of the brand avatar, while "AWAKE" means we’re always on guard, always ready to step in for the safety of the user.

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We will do whatever it takes to keep computer users safe from harm and help the Good prevail.
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Catalin Cosoi

Catalin Cosoi

Chief Security Strategist

Alexandru Catalin Cosoi is Bitdefender's Chief Security Strategist, tasked with energizing and publicizing the company's technological progress.

Catalin specializes in pattern extraction and recognition technologies, with an accent on neural networks and clustering algorithms. His technical achievements have so far materialized in four granted patents and a series of classification technologies being implemented mostly in Bitdefender software. As a consequence of his interests, he is also pursuing a PhD in natural language processing.

He lists his professional goals as "gaining a Nobel prize and achieving clinical immortality", is married and lives in Bucharest, Romania at the rare times when his job isn't sending him around the globe.

Bogdan Botezatu

Bogdan Botezatu

Sr. e-Threat Analyst

Bogdan Botezatu (born 1983 in Romania) is a computer security expert and editor of HOTforSecurity.com. He has a strong background in computer networking and antimalware research .

Bogdan Botezatu is Senior e-threat analyst for Bitdefender. He has worked for the Romanian provider of innovative antivirus solutions since 2007. His areas of expertise are cyberwarfare , mobile and social networks malware.

As Senior e-threat analyst, he was part of the teams that developed the Bitdefender USB Immunizer and Bitdefender Removal Tools . More than that, he was the author of Malware History , an overview of the most notable developments in the malware landscape, Securing Wireless Networks , that provides tips and tricks on how to shield your home network from intruders, and Safe Blogging Guide , that highlights key recommendations on how to keep your blog and identity safe.

Bogdan Botezatu has spoken at various computer security conferences around the world, including IPEXPO , DefCAMP and international seminars, such as “Current Methods for Combating Cybercrime”, organized by IMPACT Alliance.

Before joining Bitdefender he has activated as system administrator at the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, where he supervised the implementation of IT functions in the educational sector for non-IT-related specialties.

Who to ask? Below you have a list of all of our media representatives who are ready to answer any question you might have.



Marius Buterchi
PR Manager
US
+40 212 063 470
publicrelations[at]bitdefender[dot]com



Catalin Cosoi
Chief Security Strategist
Head of Communications
+40 212 063 470
publicrelations[at]bitdefender[dot]com



Andrei Taflan
Global PR Manager
+40 212 063 470
publicrelations[at]bitdefender[dot]com